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Prof. Dr. Kerstin Schepanski


Institut für Meteorologie

Leiterin der AG Strahlung & Fernerkundung

AG Strahlung & Fernerkundung
Carl-Heinrich-Becker-Weg 6-10
Room 163
12165 Berlin


Since April 2021: Professor of Radiation and Remote Sensing of Atmospheres, Institute of Meteorology, Freie Universität Berlin

2015-2021: Privatdozentin, Leipzig Institute of Meteorology, Universität Leipzig

2015-2021: Head of Research Group, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig

2013-2021: Scientist, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig

2009-2013: Post-Doc, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

2006-2009: Doctoral Student, Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel, and Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig

2006: Diploma in Meteorology, Universität Kiel

Associated Activities

Lectures in winter semester:

  • Seminar Scientific Working and Presentation (BSc)
  • Module Analyses of Satellite Data (BSc)
  • Advanced Seminar Current research in Radiation and Remote Sensing (BSc/MSc)
  • Moduel Satellite Meteorology (MSc)
  • Lectures on radiation in module Climate variability and models (MSc)

Lectures in summer semester:

  • Module Radiation & Remote Sensing (BSc)
  • Module Meteorologisches Instrumentenpraktikum (BSc)
  • Advanced Seminar Current research in Radiation and Remote Sensing (BSc/MSc)
  • Modul Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Ocean (MSc)
  • Modul Dust in the Atmosphere (MSc)
  • Modul Planetary Atmosphere and Climate (MSc)

Research Interests:

  • Aerosols
  • Mineral dust
  • Satellilte remote sensing
  • Aerosol-Atmosphere models, Earth System Models

Research Projects:

  1. Dupont, S., M. Klose, M. R. Irvine, C. González-Flórez, A. Alastuey, J.-M. Bonnefond, P. Dagsson-Waldhauserova, A. Gonzalez-Romero, T. Hussein, E. Lamaud, H. Meyer, A. Panta, X. Querol, K. Schepanski, S. Vergara Palacio, A. Wieser, J. Yus-Díez, K. Kandler, C. Pérez García-Pando (2024), Impact of Dust Source Patchiness on the Existence of a Constant Dust Flux Layer During Aeolian Erosion Events, J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 129, e2023JD040657, https://doi.org/10.1029/2023JD040657

  2. Flamant, C., J.-P. Chaboureau, M. Gaetani, K. Schepanski, P. Formenti (2024), The radiative impact of biomass burning aerosols on dust emissions over Namibia and the long-range transport of smoke observed during the Aerosols, Radiation and Clouds in southern Africa (AEROCLO-sA) campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 4265-4288, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-4265-2024

  3. Gómez Maqueo Anaya, S., D. Althausen, M. Faust, H. Baars, B. Heinold, J. Hofer, I. Tegen, A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, A. Skupin, B. Heese, K. Schepanski (2024), The implementation of dust mineralogy in COSMO5.05-MUSCAT, Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 1271-1295, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-17-1271-2024

  4. Kunkelova, T., A. Crocker, P. Wilson, K. Schepanski (2024), Dust Source Activation Frequency in the Horn of Africa, J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 129, e2023JD039694, https://doi.org/10.1029/2023JD039694

  5. Desboeufs, K., P. Formenti, R. Torres-Sánchez, K. Schepanski, J.-P. Chaboureau, H. Andersen, J. Cermak, S. Feuerstein, B. Laurent, D. Klopper, A. Mamwoonde, Mathieu Cazaunau, S. Chevaillier, A. Feron, C. Mirande-Bret, S. Triquet, S. J. Piketh (2024), Fractional solubility of iron in mineral dust aerosols over coastal Namibia: a link with marine biogenic emissions?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 1525-1541, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-1525-2024

  6. Polemiti, E., S. Hese, K. Schepanski, J. Yuan, Gunter Schumann (2024), How does the macroenvironment influence brain and behaviour - a review of current status and future perspectives, Nature Molecular Psychiatry, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-024-02557-x

  7. Schepanski, K. (2024), Dust transport and deposition, Reference Module in Earth System and Environmental Sciences, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-99931-1.00170-7

  8. Chappell, A., M. Hennen, K. Schepanski, S. Dhital, D. Tong (2024), Reducing Resolution Dependency of Dust Emission Modelling Using Albedo-Based Wind Friction, Geophys. Res. Lett., 51, e2023GL106540, https://doi.org/10.1029/2023GL106540

  9. Hennen, M., A. Chappell, N. Webb, K. Schepanski, M. Baddock, F. Eckardt, T. Kandakji, F. Lee, M. Nobakht, J. von Holdt (2024), A new framework for evaluating dust emission model development using dichotomous satellite observations of dust emission, Sci. Total Environ., 912, 169237, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.169237

  10. Banks, J. R., B. Heinold, K. Schepanski (2023), Radiative cooling and atmospheric perturbation effects of dust aerosol from the Aralkum Desert in Central Asia, EGUsphere [preprint], submitted to Atmos. Chem. Phys., https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2772

  11. Schumann, G. et int., K. Schepanski et al. (2023), Addressing Global Environmental Challenges to Mental Health Using Population Neuroscience, JAMA Psychiatry, 80(10), 1066-1074, https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2023.2996

  12. Xu, J. et al. (2023), Effects of urban living environments on mental health in adults, Nature Medicine, 29, 1456-1467, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-023-02365-w

  13. Chappell, A., N. P. Webb, M. Hennen, C. S. Zender, P. Ciais, K. Schepanski, B. L. Edwards, N. P. Ziegler, Y. Balkanski, D. Tong, J. F. Leys, S. Heidenreich, R. Hynes, D. Fuchs, Z. Zeng, M. C. Baddock, J. A. Lee, T. Kandakji (2023), Elucidating Hidden and Enduring Weaknesses in Dust Emission Modeling, J. Geophys. Res., 128, e2023JD038584, https://doi.org/10.1029/2023JD038584

  14. Chappell, A., N. P. Webb, M. Hennen, K. Schepanski, P. Ciais, Y. Balkanski, C. S. Zender, I. Tegen, Z. Zeng, D. Tong, B. Baker, M. Ekström, M. Baddock, F. D. Eckardt, T. Kandakji, J. A. Lee, M. Nobakht, J. von Holdt, J. F. Leys (2023), Satellites reveal Earth’s seasonally shifting dust emission sources, Science of the Total Environment, 883, 163452, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163452

  15. Tong, D., I. Feng, T. E. Gill, K. Schepanski, J. Wang (2023), How Many People Were Killed by Windblown Dust Events in the United States? Bull. American Meteorol. Soc., 104(5), E1067-1084, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-22-0186.1

  16. K. Schepanski (2023), Where dirty air is most dangerous, Communications Earth & Environment, 4, 243, https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-023-00895-2

  17. Bartkowski, B., K. Schepanski, S. Bredenbeck, and B. Müller (2023), Wind erosion in European agricultural landscapes: More than physics, People and Nature, https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10418

  18. Banks, J.R., B. Heinold, K. Schepanski (2022), Impacts of the Desiccation of the Aral Sea on the Central Asian Dust Life-Cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 127, e2022JD036618, https://doi.org/10.1029/2022JD036618

  19. Heinold, B., H. Baars, B. Barja, M. Christensen, A. Kubin, K. Ohneiser, K. Schepanski, N. Schutgens, F. Senf, R. Schrödner, D. Villanueva, I. Tegen (2022), Important role of stratospheric injection height for the distribution and radiative forcing of smoke aerosol from the 2019-2022 Australian wildfires, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 9969-9985, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-9969-2022

  20. Meinander, O., P. Dagsson-Waldhauserova, P. Amosov, E. Aseyeva, C. Atkins, A. Baklanov, C. Baldo, S. L. Barr, B. Barzycka, L. G. Benning, B. Cvetkovic, P. Enchilik, D. Frolov, S. Gassó, K. Kandler, N. Kasimov, J. Kavan, J. King, T. Koroleva, V. Krupskaya, M. Kulmala, M. Kusiak, H. K. Lappalainen, M. Laska, J. Lasne, M. Lewandowski, B. Luks, J. B. McQuaid, B. Moroni, B. Murray, O. Möhler, A. Nawrot, S. Nickovic, N. T. O’Neill, G. Pejanovic, O. Popovicheva, K. Ranjbar, M. Romanias, O. Samonova, A. Sanchez-Marroquin, K. Schepanski, I. Semenkov, A. Sharapova, E. Shevnina, Z. Shi, M. Sofiev, F. Thevenet, T. Thorsteinsson, M. Timofeev, N. S. Umo, A. Uppstu, D. Urupina, G. Varga, T. Werner, O. Arnalds, A. Vukovic Vimic (2022), Newly identified climatically and environmentally significant high-latitude dust sources, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 11889-11930, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-11889-2022

  21. Hamilton, D. S., M. M. G. Perron, T. C. Bond, A. R. Bowie, R. R. Bucholz, C. Guieu, A. Ito, W. Maenhaut, D. Rathod, K. Schepanski, A. Tagliabue, R. Wagner, N. M. Mahowald (2022), Earth, Wind, Fire and Pollution: Aerosol Nutrient Sources and Impacts on Ocean Biogeogchemistry, Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci., 14(11), 1-28, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-031921-013612

  22. Münch, S., N. Papke, M. Leue, M. Faust, K. Schepanski, P. Siller, U. Roesler, U. Nübel, T. Kabelitz, T. Amon, R. Funk (2022), Differences in the sediment composition of wind eroded sandy soils before and after fertilization with poultry manure, Soil and Tillage Research, 215, 105205, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2021.105205 

  23. Wagner, R., K. Schepanski, M. Klose (2021), The Dust Emission Potential of Agricultural-Like Fires - Theoretical Estimates From Two Conceptually Different Dust Emission Parameterizations, J. Geophys. Res., 126, e2020JD034355, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JD034355 

  24. Dean, J., A. Kiendler-Scharr, N. Mengis, Y. Rudich, K. Schepanski, R. Zimmermann (2021), Above us only sky, Nature Communications Earth & Environment, https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00245-0

  25. Faust, M., R. Wolke, S. Münch, R. Funk, and K. Schepanski (2021), A new Lagrangian in-time particle simulation module (Itpas v1) for atmospheric particle dispersion, Geosci. Model Dev.,14, 2205-2220, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-2205-2021

  26. Fentrup, M., N. Thiel, V. Junker, W. Behrens, S. Münch, P. Siller, T. Kabelitz, M. Faust, A. Indra, S. Baumgartner, K. Schepanski, B. Amon, U. Roesler, R. Funk, U. Nübel (2021), Agricultural fertilization with poultry manure results in persistent environmental contamination with pathogen Clostridioides difficile, Environmental Microbiology, https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.15601

  27. Vandenbussche, S., S. Callewaert, K. Schepanski, and M. De Mazière (2020), North African mineral dust sources: new insights from a combined analysis based on 3D dust aerosols distributions, surface winds and ancillary soil parameters, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15127–15146, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15127-2020

  28. Thiel, N. S. Münch, W. Behrens, V. Junker, M. Faust, O. Biniasch, T. Kabelitz, P. Siller, C. Boedeker, P. Schumann, U. Roesler, T. Amon, K. Schepanski, R. Funk, U. Nübel (2020), Airborne bacterial emission fluxes from manure-fertilized agricultural soil, Microbial Biotechnology, https://doi.org/10.1111/1751-7915.13632

  29. Pfrommer, E., C. Dreier, G. Gabriel, T. Dallenga, R. Reimer, K. Schepanski, R. Scherließ, U. E. Schaible, and T. Gutsmann (2020), Enhanced tenacity of mycobacterial aerosols from necrotic neutrophils, Scientific Reports, 10, 9159, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65781-9

  30. Villanueva, D., and K. Schepanski (2019), Investigation of atmospheric conditions fostering the spreading of Legionnaires’ disease in outbreaks related to cooling towers, Int. J. Biometeorol., https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-019-01751-9

  31. Banks, J. R., A. Hünerbein, B. Heinold, H. E. Brindley, H. Deneke, and K. Schepanski (2019), The sensitivity of the colour of dust in MSG-SEVIRI Desert Dust infrared composite imagery to surface and atmospheric conditions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6893-6911, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-6893-2019

  32. Formenti, P., B. D’Anna, C. Flamant, M. Mallet, S.J. Piketh, K. Schepanski, F. Waquet, F. Auriol, G. Brogniez, F. Burnet, J. Chaboureau, A. Chauvigné, P. Chazette, C. Denjean, K. Desboeufs, J. Doussin, N. Elguindi, S. Feuerstein, M. Gaetani, C. Giorio, D. Klopper, M.D. Mallet, P. Nabat, A. Monod, F. Solmon, A. Namwoonde, C. Chikwililwa, R. Mushi, E.J. Welton, and B. Holben (2019): The Aerosols, Radiation and Clouds in southern Africa (AEROCLO-sA) field campaign in Namibia: overview, illustrative observations and way forward, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 0, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0278.1

  33. Feuerstein, S. and K. Schepanski (2019), Identification of Dust Sources in a Saharan Dust Hot-Spot and Their Implementation in a Dust-Emission Model, Remote Sen., 11, 4, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11010004

  34. Wagner, R., M. Jähn, and K. Schepanski (2018), Wildfires as a source of airborne mineral dust – revisiting a conceptual model using large-eddy simulation (LES), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 11863-11884,  https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-11863-2018

  35. Schepanski, K. (2018), Transport of Mineral Dust and Its Impact on Climate, Geosciences, 8(5), 151, https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8050151 

  36. Chappell, A., J. A. Lee, M. Baddock, T. E. Gill, J. E. Herrick, J. F. Leys, B. Marticorena, L. Petherick, K. Schepanski, J. Tatarko, M. Telfer, N. P. Webb (2018), A clarion call for aeolian research to engage with global land degradation and climate change, Aeolian Research, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2018.02.007

  37. Banks, J. R., K. Schepanski, B. Heinold, A. Hünerbein, and H. E. Brindley (2018), The influence of dust optical properties on the colour of simulated MSG-SEVIRI Desert Dust infrared imagery, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 9681-9703, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-9681-2018

  38. Tegen, I., and K. Schepanski (2018), Climate Feedback on Aerosol Emission and Atmospheric Concentrations, Current Climate Change Reports, https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-018-0086-1

  39. Schepanski, K., B. Heinold, and I. Tegen (2017), Harmattan, Saharan heat low and West African Monsoon circulation: Modulations on the Saharan dust outflow towards the north Atlantic, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 10223-10243, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-10223-2017

  40. Weinzierl, B., A. Ansmann, J. Prospero, D. Althausen, N. Benker, F. Chouza, M. Dollner, D. Farrell, W. Fomba, V. Freudenthaler, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, M. Haarig, B. Heinold, K. Kandler, T. Kristensen, O. Mayol-Bracero, T. Müller, O. Reitebuch, D. Sauer, A. Schäfler, K. Schepanski, A. Spanu, I. Tegen, C. Toledano, and A. Walser (2017), The Saharan Aerosol Long-range Transport and Aerosol-Cloud-Interaction Experiment (SALTRACE): overview and selected highlights, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98(7), 1-25, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00142.1

  41. Zielhofer, C., H. von Suchodoletz, W. J. Fletcher, B. Schneider, E. Dietze, M. Schlegel, K. Schepanski, B. Weninger, S. Mischke, and A. Mikdad (2017), Millennial-scale fluctuations in Saharan dust supply across the decline of the African Humid Period, Quat. Sci. Rev., 171,119-135, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.07.010

  42. Banks, J. R., H. E. Brindley, G. Stenchikov, and K. Schepanski (2017), Satellite retrievals of dust aerosol over the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf (2005–2015), 2005-2015, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3987-4003, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-3987-2017

  43. Schepanski, K., M. Mallet, B. Heinold, and M. Ulrich (2016), North African dust transport toward the western Mediterranean basin: Atmospheric controls on dust source activation and transport pathways during June-July 2013, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14147-14168, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14147-2016

  44. Granados-Muñoz, M. J., F. Navas-Guzmán, J. L. Guerrero-Rascado, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, I. Binietoglou, S. N. Pereira, S. Basart, J. M. Baldasano, L. Belegante, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comerón, G. D'Amico, O. Dubovik, L. Ilic, P. Kokkalis, C. Muñoz-Porcar, S. Nickovic, D. Nicolae, F. J. Olmo, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, A. Rodríguez, K. Schepanski, M. Sicard, A. Vukovic, U. Wandinger, F. Dulac, and L. Alados-Arboledas (2016), Profiling of aerosol microphysical properties at several EARLINET/AERONET sites during July 2012 ChArMEx/EMEP campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 7043-7066, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-7043-2016

  45. Chaboureau, J.-P., C. Flamant, T. Dauhut, C. Kocha, J.-P. Lafore, C. Lavaysse, F. Marnas, M. Mokhtari, J. Pelon, I. Reinares Martínez, K. Schepanski, and P. Tulet (2016), Fennec dust forecast intercomarison over the Sahara in June 2011, Atmos. Chem. Phys.,  16, 6977-6995, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6977-2016

  46. Wagner, R., K. Schepanski, B. Heinold, and I. Tegen (2016), Interannual variability in the Saharan dust source activation - Toward understanding the difference between 2007 and 2008, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JD024302

  47. Heinold, B., I. Tegen, K. Schepanski, and J. R. Banks (2016), New developments in the representation of Saharan dust sources in the aerosol-climate model ECHAM6-HAM2, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 765-777, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-765-2016

  48. Mallet, M., F. Dulac, P. Formenti, P. Nabat, J. Sciare, G. Roberts, J. Pelon, G. Ancellet, D.Tanré, F. Parol, A. di Sarra, L. Alados, J. Arndt, F. Auriol, L. Blarel, T. Bourrianne, G.Brogniez, P. Chazette, S. Chevaillier, M. Claeys, B. D'Anna, C. Denjean, Y. Derimian,K. Desboeufs, T. Di Iorio, J.-F. Doussin, P. Durand, A. Feron, E. Freney, C. Gaimoz, P.Goloub, G. J. Gomez-Amo, M. Granados Muñoz, N. Grand, E. Hamonou, I. Jankowiak, M. Jeannot, J.-F. Léon, M. Maillé, S. Mailler, D. Meloni, L. Menut, G. Momboisse, J.Nicolas, T. Podvin, V. Pont, G. Rea, J.-B. Renard, L. Roblou, K. Schepanski, A. Schwarzenboeck, K. Sellegri, M. Sicard, F. Solmon, S. Somot, B. Torres, J. Totems, S. Triquet, N. Verdier, C. Verwaerde, J. Wenger, and P. Zapf (2016), Overview of the Chemistry-Aerosol Mediterranean Experiment/Aerosol Direct Radiative Forcing on the Mediterranean Climate (ChArMEx/ADRIMED) summer 2013 campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 455-504, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-455-2016

  49.  Groß, S., V. Freudenthaler, K. Schepanski, C. Toledano, A. Schäfler, A. Ansmann, and B. Weinzierl (2015), Optical properties of long-range transported Saharan dust over Barbados as measured by dual-wavelength depolarization Raman lidar measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 11067-11080, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-11067-2015

  50. Schepanski, K., L. Klüser, B. Heinold, and I. Tegen (2015), Spatial and temporal correlation length as a measure for the stationarity of atmospheric dust aerosol distribution, Atmos. Env., 122, 10-21, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.09.034

  51. Ryder, C. L., J. B. McQuaid, C. Flamant, R. Washington, H. E. Brindley, E. J. Highwood, J. H. Marsham, D. J. Parker, M. C. Todd, J. R. Banks, J. K. Brooke, S. Engelstaedter, V. Estellés, P. Formenti, L. Garcia-Carreras, C. Kocha, F. Marenco, P. Rosenberg, H. Sodemann, C. J. T. Allen, A. Bourdon, M. Bart, C. Cavazos-Guerra, S. Chevaillier, J. Crosier, E. Darbyshire, A. R. Dean, J. R. Dorsey, J. Kent, D. O'Sullivan, K. Schepanski, K. Szpek, A. Woolley (2015), Advances in understanding mineral dust and boundary layer processes over the Sahara from Fennec aircraft observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 8479-8520, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-8479-2015

  52. Fiedler, S., P. Knippertz, S. Woodward, G. M. Martin, N. Bellouin, A. N. Ross, B. Heinold, K. Schepanski, C. E. Birch, and I. Tegen (2015), A process-based evaluation of dust-emitting winds in the CMIP5 simulation of HadGEM2-ES, Clim. Dyn., https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2635-9

  53. Evan, A. T., S. Fiedler, C. Zhao, L. Menut, K. Schepanski, C. Flamant, O. Doherty (2015), Derivation of an observation-based map of North African dust emission, Aeolian Research, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2015.01.001

  54. Schepanski, K., P. Knippertz, S. Fiedler, F. Timouk, J. Demarty (2015), The sensitivity of nocturnal low-level jets and near-surface winds over the Sahel to model resolution, initial conditions and boundary-layer set-up, Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 141, 1442-1456, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2453

  55.  Fiedler, S., K. Schepanski, P. Knippertz, B. Heinold, and I. Tegen (2014), How important are atmospheric depressions and mobile cyclones for emitting mineral dust aerosol in North Africa?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 8983-9000, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-8983-2014

  56. Niedermeier, N., A. Held, T. Müller, B. Heinold, K. Schepanski, I. Tegen, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, K. Read, J. Lee, K. W. Fomba, K. Müller, H. Herrmann, and A. Wiedensohler (2014), Mass deposition flux of Saharan mineral dust to the tropical northeast Atlantic Ocean: an intercomparison of methods, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 2245-2266, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-2245-2014

  57.  Schepanski, K., C. Flamant, J.-P. Chaboureau, C. Kocha, J. R. Banks, H. E. Brindley, C. Lavaysse, F. Marnas, J. Pelon, and P. Tulet (2013), Characterization of dust emission from alluvial sources using aircraft observations and high-resolution modeling, J. Geophy. Res., 118, 7237-7259, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50538

  58. Fiedler, S., K. Schepanski, B. Heinold, P. Knippertz, and I. Tegen (2013), Climatology of nocturnal low-level jets over North Africa and implications for modeling mineral dust emission, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6100-6121, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50394

  59. Heinold, B., P. Knippertz, J. H. Marsham, S. Fiedler, N. S. Dixon, K. Schepanski, B. Laurent, and I. Tegen (2013), The role of deep convection and low-level jets for dust emission in summertime West Africa, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 4385-4400, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50402

  60. Tegen, I., K. Schepanski, and B. Heinold (2013), Comparing two years of Saharan dust source activation obtained by regional modelling and satellite observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2381-2390, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-2381-2013

  61.  Schepanski, K., T. J. Wright, and P. Knippertz (2012), Evidence for flash floods over deserts from loss of coherence in InSAR imagery, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D20101, https://doi.org/10.1029/2012JD017580

  62. Crouvi, O., K. Schepanski, R. Amit, A. Gillespie, and Y. Enzel (2012), Multiple dust sources in the Sahara Desert: The importance of sand dunes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L13401, https://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052145

  63. Schepanski, K., I. Tegen, and A. Macke (2012), Satellite based observations of Saharan dust source areas - Comparison and variability, Rem. Sens. Environ., 123, 90-97, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2012.03.019

  64. Schepanski, K., and P. Knippertz (2011), Soudano-Saharan Depressions and their importance for precipitation and dust: A new perspective on a classical synoptic concept, Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 137(659), 1431-1445, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.850

  65. Okin, G. S., J. E. Bullard, R. L. Reynolds, J.-A. C. Ballantine, K. Schepanski, M. C. Todd, J. Belnap, M. C. Baddock, T. E. Gill, and M. E. Miller (2011), Dust emissions: small-scale processes with global-scale consequences, EOS, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 92(29), 241-248, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011EO290001

  66. Heinold, B., I. Tegen, K. Schepanski, M. Tesche, M. Esselborn, V. Freudenthaler, S. Gross, K. Kandler, P. Knippertz, D. Müller, A. Schladitz, C. Toledano, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, T. Müller, A. Petzold, and A. Wiedensohler (2011), Regional modelling of Saharan dust and land fire smoke: Part I: Model description and evaluation, Tellus B, 63, 430-447, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00570.x

  67. Johnson, B. T., M. E. Brooks, D. Walters, S. Woodward, S. Christopher, and K. Schepanski (2011), Assessment of the Met Office dust forecast model using observations from the GERBILS campaign, Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 137(658), 1131-1148, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.736

  68. Laurent, B., I. Tegen, B. Heinold, K. Schepanski, B. Weinzierl, and M. Esselborn (2010), A model study of Saharan dust emission and distribution during SAMUM-1 campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D21210, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012995

  69. Washington, R., C. Bouet, G. Cautenet, E. Mackenzie, I. Ashpole, S. Engelstaedter, G. Lizcano, G. Henderson, K. Schepanski, and I. Tegen (2009), Dust as a Tipping element: The Bodélé Depression, Chad, PNAS, 106(49), https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0711850106

  70. Tegen, I., and K. Schepanski (2009), The global distribution of mineral dust, WMO/GEO Expert Meeting on an international sand and dust storm warning system, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment Science, 7(1), https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1307/7/1/012001

  71. Laurent, B., B. Marticorena, G. Bergametti, I. Tegen, K. Schepanski, and B. Heinold (2009), Modelling mineral dust emission, WMO/GEO Expert Meeting on an international sand and dust storm warning system, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment Science, 7(1), https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1307/7/1/012006

  72. Klüser, L., and K. Schepanski (2009), Remote sensing of mineral dust over land with MSG inferred channels: A new Bitemporal Mineral Dust Index, Remote Sens. Environ., 113, 9, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2009.04.012

  73. Cavazos, C., M. C. Todd, and K. Schepanski (2009), Numerical model simulation of the Saharan dust event of 6-11 March 2006 using the Regional Climate Model version 3 (RegCM3), J. Geophys. Res., 114, D12109, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD011078

  74. Schepanski, K., I. Tegen, M. C. Todd, B. Heinold, G. Bönisch, B. Laurent, and A. Macke (2009), Meteorological processes forcing Saharan dust emission inferred from MSG-SEVIRI observations of sub-daily dust source activation and numerical models, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D10201, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD010325

  75. Reinfried, F., I. Tegen, B. Heinold, O. Hellmuth, K. Schepanski, U. Cubasch, H. Huebener, and P. Knippertz (2009), Simulations of convectively-driven density currents in the Atlas region using a regional model: Impacts on dust emission and sensitivity to horizontal resolution and convection schemes, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D08127, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD010844

  76. Schepanski, K., I. Tegen, and A. Macke (2009), Saharan dust transport and deposition towards the tropical northern Atlantic, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 1173-1189, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-9-1173-2009

  77. Knippertz, P., A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, D. Müller, M. Tesche, E. Bierwirth, T. Dinter, T. Müller, W. von Hoyningen-Huene, K. Schepanski, M. Wendisch, B. Heinold, K. Kandler, A. Petzold, L. Schütz, and I. Tegen (2009), Dust mobilization and transport in the northern Sahara during SAMUM 2006 - A meteorological overview, Tellus B, 61(1), 1231, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00380.x

  78. Heinold, B., I. Tegen, M. Esselborn, K. Kandler, P. Knippertz, D. Müller, A. Schladitz, M. Tesche, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, B. Laurent, A. Massling, T. Müller, K. Schepanski, and A. Wiedensohler (2009), Regional Saharan dust modeling during the SAMUM 2006 campaign, Tellus B, 61(1), 307324, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00387.x

  79.  Heinold, B., I. Tegen, K. Schepanski, and O. Hellmuth (2008), Dust radiative feedback on Saharan boundary layer dynamics and dust mobilization, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20817, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035319

  80. Birmili, W., K. Schepanski, A. Ansmann, G. Spindler, I. Tegen, B. Wehner, A. Novak, E. Reimer, I. Mattis, K. Müller, E. Brüggemann, T. Gnauk, H. Herrmann, A. Wiedensholer, D. Althausen, A. Schladitz, T. Tuch, and G. Löschau (2008), A case of extreme particulate matter concentrations over Central Europe caused by dust emitted over the southern Ukraine, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 997-1016, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-8-997-2008

  81. Schepanski, K., I. Tegen, B. Laurent, B. Heinold, and A. Macke (2007), A new Saharan dust source activation frequency map derived from MSG-SEVIRI IR-channels, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18803, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL030168