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Publications until 2004

Publications until 2004:



Balachandran, N. und D. Rind, 1995. Modeling the effects of UV variability and the QBO

on the troposphere-stratosphere system. Part I: The middle atmosphere. J. Climate, 8,



Balachandran, N., D. Rind, P. Lonergan und D. Shindell, 1999. Effects of solar cycle variability

on the lower stratosphere and the troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 27321-27339.


Baldwin, M. und T. Dunkerton, 2001. Stratospheric harbingers of anomalous weather regimes.

Science, 294, 581-584.


Baldwin, M., D. Thompson, E. Shuckburgh, W. Norton und N. Gillet, 2003a. Weather from

the stratosphere? Science, 301, 317-319.


Baldwin, M., D. B. Stephenson, D. Thompson, T. Dunkerton, A. Charlton und A. O'Neill,

2003b. Stratospheric memory and skill of extended-range weather forecasts. Science, 301,



Baldwin, M., L. Gray, T. Dunkerton, K. Hamilton, P. Haynes, W. Randel, J. Holton, M. Alex-

ander, I. Hirota, T. Horinouchi, D. Jones, J. Kinnersley, C.Marquardt, K. Sato und M. Ta-

kahashi, 2001. The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation. Rev. Geophys., 39, 179-229.


Bates, J., 1981. A dynamical mechanism through which variations in solar ultraviolet radiation

can influence tropospheric climate. Solar Phys., 74, 399-415.


Beer, J., 2000. Long-term indirect indices of solar variability. Space Sci. Rev., 94, 53-66.


Belmont, A., D. Dartt und M. Ulstad, 1965. The 10.7-cm solar flux and the 26-month

oscillation. J. Atmos. Sci., 23, 314-319.


Berson, F. und R. Kulkarni, 1968. Sunspot cycle and the quasi-biennial stratospheric oscillation.

Nature, 217, 1133-1134.


Bittner, M., D. Offermann, H.-H. Graef, M. Donner und K. Hamilton, 2002. An 18-year time

series of OH temperatures and middle atmosphere decadal variations. J. Atmos. Sol. Terr.

Phys., 64, 1147-1166.


Black, R.X., and B.A. McDaniel, 2004. Diagnostic case studies of the Northern Annular Mode,

J. Climate, 17, 3990–4004.


Bond, G., B. Kromer, J. Beer, R. Muscheler, M. N. Evans, W. Showers, S. Hoffmann, R. Lotti-

Bond, I. Hajdas und G. Bonani, 2001. Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate

during the Holocene. Science, 294, 2130-2136.


Bradley, R., M. Hughes und H. Diaz, 2003. Climate in medieval time. Science, 302, 404-405.


Brasseur, G., 1993. The response of the middle atmosphere to long-term and short-term solar

variability: A two-dimensional model. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 23079-23090.


Brasseur, G. und S. Solomon, 1984. Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere. D. Reidel Publishing

Company, Dodrecht, Holland.


Burrage, M., R. Vincent, H. Mayr, W. Skinner, N. Arnold und P. Hays, 1996. Long-term

variability in the equatorial middle atmosphere zonal wind. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12847-12854.




Callis, L., M. Natarajan und J. Lambeth, 2000. Calculated upper stratospheric effects of

solar UV flux and NOy variations during the 11-year solar cycle. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27,



Callis, L., M. Natarajan und J. Nealy, 1979. Ozone and temperature trends associated with

the 11-year solar cycle. Science, 204, 1303-1305.


Chandra, S. und R. McPeters, 1994. The solar cycle variation of ozone in the stratosphere

inferred from Nimbus-7 and NOAA-11 satellites. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 20665-20671.


Chanin, M.-L., N. Smirès und A. Hauchcorne, 1987. Long-term variation of the temperature

of the middle atmosphere at mid-latitude: dynamical and radiative causes. J. Geophys. Res.,

92, 10933-10941.


Charbonneau, P., 2000. Great moments in the history of solar physics (1/2/3).

http://www.hao.ucar.edu/public/education/sp/great moments.1/2/3.htmlgm 1800/.


Charney, J. und P. Drazin, 1961. Propagation of planetary-scale disturbances from the lower

into the upper atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 66, 83-109.


Christiansen, B., 2001. Downward propagation of zonal mean zonal wind anomalies from the

stratosphere to the troposphere: Model and reanalysis. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 27307-27322.


Cobb, K., C. Charles und D. Hunter, 2001. A central tropical Pacific coral demonstrates Pacific,

Indian, and Atlantic decadal climate connections. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2209-2212.


Cooper, M., P. O'Sullivan und A. Shine, 2000. Climate and solar variability recorded in

Holocene laminated sediments - a prelimenary assessment. Quaternary International, 68-

71, 363-371.


Cordero, E.C., and T.R. Nathan, 1999. The Influence of Wave- and Zonal Mean-Ozone Feedbacks

on the Quasi-biennial Oscillation, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 3426-3442.


Cordero, E.C., T.R. Nathan, and R. S. Echols, 1998. An Analytical Study of Ozone Feedbacks on Kelvin and Rossby-

Gravity Waves: Effects on the QBO, J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 1051-1062.


Coughlin, K. und K.-K. Tung, 2004. Eleven-year solar cycle signal throughout the lower atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res.,

110, D01103, doi:10.1029/2004JD004661.


Crowley, T., 2000. Causes of climate change over the past 1000 years. Science, 289, 270-277.


Cubasch, U. and R. Voss, 2000. The influence of total solar irradiance on climate. Space Sci.

Rev., 94, 185-198.


Cubasch, U., G. Hegerl, R. Voss, J. Waszkewitz und T. Crowley, 1997. Simulation with an

O-AGCM of the influence of variations of the solar constant on the global climate. Climate

Dyn., 13, 757-767.




DeLand, M., E. Shettle, G. Thomas und J. Olivero, 2003. Solar backscatter ultraviolet (SBUV)

observations of polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) over two solar cycles. J. Geophys. Res.,

108(D8), 8445, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002398.


Dunkerton, T., D. Delisi und M. Baldwin, 1998. Middle atmosphere cooling trend in historical

rocketsonde data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3371-3374.




Ebdon, R., 1960. Notes on the wind flow at 50mb in tropical and subtropical regions in January

1957 and January 1958. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 86, 540-542.


Ebdon, R., 1961. Some notes on the stratospheric winds at Canton island and Christmas

island. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 87, 322-331.


Ebel, A. und K. Labitzke, 1980. Oscillations of solar activity due to the Sun's rotation and

related effects in the middle stratosphere. Annalen Meteor. (N.F.), 15, 109-112.


Ebel, A., B. Schwister und K. Labitzke, 1981. Planetary waves and solar activity in the

stratosphere between 50 and 10 mbar. J. Geophys. Res., 86, 9729-9738.


Eddy, J., 1976. The Maunder Minimum. Science, 192, 1189-1202.


Egorova, T., E. Rozanov, E. Manzini, M. Haberreiter, W. Schmutz, V. Zubov, and T.

Peter, 2004. Chemical and dynamical response to the 11-year variability of the solar

irradiance simulated with a chemistry-climate model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L06119,



Eichkorn, S., S. Wilhelm, H. Aufmhoff, K. Wohlfrom und F. Arnold, 2002. Cosmic ray-induced

aerosol-formation: First observational evidence from aircraft-based ion mass spectrometer

measurements in the upper troposphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 10.1029/2002GL015044.




Fels, S., 1987. Response of the middle atmosphere to changing O3 and CO2 - a speculative

tutorial. Transport Processes in the Middle Atmosphere, G. Visconti and R. Garcia (eds.),

D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dodrecht, Boston, Lancaster, Tokyo, S. 371-386.


Fischer, H., G. Flöser, T. Kumke, G. Lohmann, H. Miller, J. Negendank and H. von Storch,

2003. The KIHZ project: Towards a synthesis of paleoclimate variability using proxy data

and climate models. Springer Verlag, Berlin, in press. ??????????????????


Fischer-Bruns, I., U. Cubasch, H. von Storch, E. Zorita, J. Gonzales-Rouco und J. Luterbacher,

2002. Modelling the Late Maunder Minimum with a 3-dimensional O-AGCM. CLIVAR

Exchanges - Selected Research Papers, 25, 1-5.


Fleming, E. L., S. Chandra, C. Jackmann, D. Considine und A. Douglass, 1995. The middle

atmosphere response to short and long term solar UV variations: analysis of observations

and 2D model results. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 333-365.


Foukal, P., 2002. A comparison of variable solar total and ultraviolet irradiance outputs in the

20th century. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 2089, doi: 10.1029/2002GL015474.


Foukal, P., 2003. Can slow variations in solar luminosity provide missing link between the sun

and climate? EOS, 84, 205&208.


Fröhlich, C., 2000. Observations of irradiance measurements. Space Sci. Rev., 94, 15-24.


Fröhlich, C., 2003. Solar irradiance variability. In Chapter 2: Solar Energy Flux Variations,

American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph Series, 111, in press. ???????????????




Garcia, R. und F. Sassi, 1999. Modulation of the mesospheric semiannual oscillation by the

quasibiennial oscillation. Earth Planets Space, 51, 563-569.


Garcia, R., S. Solomon, R. Roble und D. Rusch, 1984. A numerical response of the middle

atmosphere to the 11-year solar cycle. Planet. Space Sci., 32, 411-423.


Giorgetta, M., 1996. Der Einfluss der quasi-zweijährigen Oszillation auf die allgemeine Zirku-

lation: Modellsimulationen mit ECHAM4. Dissertation, Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der

Universität Hamburg, Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie.


Giorgetta, M., E. Manzini und E. Roeckner, 2002. Forcing of the quasi-biennial oscillation from

a broad spectrum of atmospheric waves. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, doi:10.1029/2002GL14756.


Gleisner, H. und P. Thejll, 2003. Patterns of tropospheric response to solar variability. Geophys.

Res. Lett., 30(13), 1711, doi:10.1029/2003GL017129.


Gray, L., 2003. The influence of the equatorial upper stratosphere on stratospheric sudden

warmings. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, doi:10.1029/2002GL016430.


Gray, L., E. Drysdale, T. Dunkerton und B. Lawrence, 2001a. Model studies of the interannual

variability of the northern hemisphere stratospheric winter circulation: the role of the Quasi

Biennial Oscillation. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 127, 1413-1432.


Gray, L., S. Sparrow, M. Juckes, A. O'Neill und D. Andrews, 2003. Flow regimes in the winter

stratosphere of the northern hemisphere. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 129, 925-945.


Gray, L., S. J. Phipps, T. Dunkerton, M. Baldwin, E. Drysdale und M. Allen, 2001b. A

data study of the influence of the equatorial upper stratosphere on northern hemisphere

stratospheric sudden warmings. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 127, 1985-2003.


Gray, L.J., S.A. Crooks, C.L. Pascoe, S. Sparrow, and M.A. Palmer, 2004. Solar and QBO influences

on the timing of stratospheric sudden warmings, J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 2777-2796.


Grootes, P. M., 2001. Climate variability on centennial to millennial time scales in ice cores

from Greenland and Antarctica. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 88, 331, 89-99.




Haigh, J.D., 1994. The role of stratospheric ozone in modulating the solar radiative forcing

of climate. Nature, 370, 544-546.


Haigh, J.D., 1996. The impact of solar variability on climate. Science, 272, 981-984.


Haigh, J.D., 1999a. A GCM study of climate change in response to the 11-year solar cycle.

Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 125, 871-892.


Haigh, J.D., 1999b. Modelling the impact of solar variability on climate. J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr.

Phys., 61, 63-72.


Haigh, J.D., 2000.  Solar variability and climate.  Weather, 55, 399-407.


Haigh, J.D. 2001.  Climate variability and the role of the Sun.  Science, 294, 2109-2111.


Haigh, J.D., 2003. The effects of solar variability on the Earth’s climate, Phil. Trans. R.

Soc. Lond. A, 361, 95–111.


Hamilton, K., 2002. On the quasi-decadal modulation of the stratospheric QBO period. J.

Climate, 15, 2562-2565.


Haynes, P., C. Marks, M. McIntyre, T. Shepherd und K. Shine, 1991. On the " downward

control" of extratropical diabatic circulations by eddy-induced mean zonal forces. J. Atmos.

Sci., 48, 651-679.


Herschel, W., 1801a. Additional observations tending to investigate the symptoms of its

variable emission of light and heat of the sun, with trials to set aside darkening glasses,

by transmitting the solar rays through liquids and a few remarks to remove objections that

might be made against some of the arguments contained in the former paper. Phil. Trans.

Roy. Soc. London, S.354.


Herschel, W., 1801b. Observations tending to investigate the nature of the sun, in order to

find causes or symptoms of its variable emission of light and heat. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc.

London, S. 265.


Hines, C., 1974. A possible mechanism for the production of Sun-weather correlations. J.

Atmos. Sci., 31, 589-591.


Hirota, I., 1980. Observational evidence of the semiannual oscillation in the tropical middle

atmosphere - a review. Pure Appl. Geophys., 118, 217-238.


Holton, J. und R. Lindzen, 1972. An updated theory of the Quasi-Biennial cycle of the tropical

stratosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 29, 1076-1086.


Holton, J. und C. Mass, 1976. Stratospheric vacillation cycles. J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 2218-2225.


Holton, J. und H. Tan, 1980. The influence of the equatorial Quasi-Biennial Oscillation on

the global circulation at 50 mb. J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 2200-2208.


Holton, J. und H. Tan, 1982. The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in the northern hemisphere lower

stratosphere. J. Met. Soc. Jap., 60, 140-148.


Holton, J., P. Haynes, M. McIntyre, A. Douglass, R. Rood und L. Pfister, 1995. Stratosphere-

troposphere exchange. Rev. Geophys., 33, 403-439.


Hood, L., 2004. Effects of solar UV variability on the stratosphere. In " Solar variability and

its effect on the Earth's atmosphere and climate system", AGU Monograph Series, Eds. J.

Pap et al., American Geophysical Union, Washington D.C., 14, 283-303.


Hood, L. und J. McCormack, 1992. Components of interannual ozone change based on

Nimbus-7 TOMS data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 2309-2312.


Hood, L. und B. Soukharev, 2003. Quasi-decadal variability of the tropical lower stratosphere:

the role of extratropical wave forcing. J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 2389-2403.


Hood, L., J. Jirikowic und J. McCormack, 1993. Quasi-decadal variability of the stratosphere:

influence of long-term solar ultraviolet variations. J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 3941-3958.


Hoyt, D. und K. Schatten, 1993. A discussion of plausible solar irradiance variations, 1700-

1992. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 18895-18906.


Hoyt, D. und K. Schatten, 1997. Solar variability and its role in climate change. Oxford

University Press, Oxford.


Huang, T. und G. Brasseur, 1993. Effect of long-term solar variability in a two-dimensional

interactive model of the middle atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 20413-20427.




Jackman, C., F. Vitt, D. Considine und E. Fleming, 1995. Energetic particle precipitation

effects on odd nitrogen and ozone over the solar cycle time scale. In " The Solar Cycle

Variation of the Stratosphere: A STEP Working Group 5 Report", edited by L. Hood,

University of Arizona, Tuscon, S. 120.


Jones, P., K. Briffa, T. Barnett und S. Tett, 1998. High-resolution palaeoclimatic records

for the last millennium: interpretation, integration and comparison with General Circulation

Model control-run temperatures. The Holocene, 8(4), 455-471.



Keckhut, P., C. Cagnazzo, M.-L. Chanin, C. Claud und A. Hauchecorne, 2003. The effect of

the 11-year solar cycle on the temperature in the upper stratosphere and mesosphere: Part

I assessment of the observations. Submitted to J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys.  ???????????????????


Kodera, K., 1991. The solar and equatorial QBO influences on the stratospheric circulation

during the early northern-hemisphere winter. Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 1023-1026.


Kodera, K., 1995. On the origin and nature of the interannual variability of the winter strato-

spheric circulation in the northern hemisphere. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 14077-14087.


Kodera, K., 2002. Solar cycle modulation of the North Atlantic Oscillation: Implication in the

spatial structure of the NAO. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, doi:10.1029/2001GL014557.


Kodera, K., 2003. Solar influence on the spatial structure of the NAO during the winter

1900-1999. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, doi:10.1029/2001GL016584.


Kodera, K., 2004. Solar influence on the Indian Ocean Monsoon through dynamical

processes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L24209, doi:10.1029/2004GL020928.


Kodera, K. and Y. Kuroda, 2002. Dynamical response to the solar cycle. J. Geophys. Res.,

107, 4749, doi:10.1029/2002JD002224.


Kodera, K. and K. Yamazaki, 1990. Long-term variation of upper stratospheric circulation in

the northern hemisphere in December. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 68, 101-105.


Kodera, K., M. Chiba und K. Shibata, 1991. A general circulation model study of the solar

and QBO modulation of the stratospheric circulation during northern hemisphere winter.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 1209-1212.


Kodera, K., K. Yamazaki, M. Chiba und K. Shibata, 1990. Downward propagation of upper

stratospheric mean zonal wind perturbation to the troposphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 17,



Kodera, K., K. Matthes, K. Shibata, U. Langematz und Y. Kuroda, 2003. Solar impact on

the lower mesospheric subtropical jet in winter: a comparative study with general circulation

model simulations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(D6), 1315, doi: 10.1029/2002GL016124.


Kriester, B., 1971. Änderungen von stratosphärischen Druckflächen im Zusammenhang mit

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Holozän im Spiegel von Baumringserien. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 88, 331, 151-159.


Kuroda, Y. und K. Kodera, 2002. Effect of solar activity on the polar-night jet oscillation in

the northern and southern hemisphere winter. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 80, 973-984.


Kuroda, Y., and K. Kodera, 2004. Role of the Polar-night Jet Oscillation on the formation

of the Arctic Oscillation in the Northern Hemisphere winter, J. Geophys. Res., 109,





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Labitzke, K., 1987. Sunspots, the QBO and the stratospheric temperature in the north polar

region. Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 535-537.


Labitzke, K., 2001. The global signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the stratosphere: Diffe-

rences between solar maxima and minima. Meteorol. Z., 10, 901-908.


Labitzke, K., 2002. The solar signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the stratosphere: Differences

between the northern and southern summers. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 80, 963-971.


Labitzke, K., 2003. The global signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the atmosphere: When

do we need the QBO? Meteorol. Z., 12, 209-216.


Labitzke, K., 2004a. On the signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the stratosphere and its

modulation by the QBO, J. Atm. S.-T. Phys., 66, 1151-1157.


Labitzke, K., 2004b. On the signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the stratosphere over the

Antarctic and its modulation by the QBO, Meteorol. Z., 13, 263-270.


Labitzke, K. and K. Matthes, 2003. 11-year solar cycle variations in the atmosphere: observa-

tions, mechanisms, and models. Holocene, 13 (3), 311-317.


Labitzke, K. und H. van Loon, 1988. Associations between the 11-year solar cycle, the QBO

and the atmosphere, part I: The troposphere and stratosphere in the northern hemisphere

in winter. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 50, 197-206.


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on a decadale scale. Tellus, 47A, 275-286.


Labitzke, K., and H. van Loon, 1999. The Stratosphere: Phanomena, History, Relevance. Springer,



Labitzke, K., M. Kunze, and S. Brönnimann, 2006. Sunspots, the QBO and the stratospheric temperature

in the north polar region - 20 years later, Meteorol. Z., in press.


Labitzke, K., J. Austin, N. Butchart, J. Knight, M. Takahashi, M. Nakamoto, T. Nagashi-

ma, J. Haigh und V. Williams, 2002. The global signal of the 11-year solar cycle in the

stratosphere: Observations and model results. J. Atm. S.-T. Phys., 64, 203-210.


Larkin, A., J. Haigh und S. Djavidnia, 2000. The effect of solar UV radiation variations on

the earth's atmosphere. Space Sci. Rev., 94, 199-214.


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Geophys. Res. Let., 27, 2425-2428.


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past millenium: Inferences, uncertainties, and limitations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 759-762.


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Meehl, G.A., W.M. Washington, C.M. Ammann, J.M. Arblaster, T.M.L. Wigley, and C. Tebaldi, 2004.

Combinations of Natural and Anthropogenic Forcings in Twentieth-Century Climate, J. Climate, 17,



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polar-night jet in the Southern Hemisphere. J. Met. Soc. Jap., 80, 985-995.


Naito, Y. und I. Hirota, 1997. Interannual variability of the northern winter stratospheric

circulation related to the QBO and the solar cycle. J. Met. Soc. Jap., 75, 925-937.


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in stratospheric zonal wind speed. Geophys. Res. Lett., 7, 457-460.


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Naujokat, B., K. Krüger, K. Matthes, J. Hoffmann, M. Kunze und K. Labitzke, 2002.

The early major warming in 2001 - exceptional? Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(21), 2023,



Neff, U., S. J. Burns, A. Mangini, M. Mudelsee, D. Fleitmann und A. Matter, 2001. Strong

coherence between solar variability and the monsoon in Oman between 9 and 6 kyr ago.

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Negendank, J. und Arbeitsgruppe, 2001. 10-1000 Jahre währende Klimawechsel in Eurasien

während des letzten Glazialzyklus. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 88, 331, 99-107.


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