This work package adresses a broad range and great variety of IWRM domains, such as water demands, water scarcity, costs and benefits of water projects,water pricing, institutions, poverty, and governance. It consists of 11 studies:
As an example, an overview of the results of one of these studies is given below.
Social Acceptability of Different IWRM Technologies in the West Bank
The report deals with the main drivers of social acceptance, such as water and poverty, water pricing and tariff structure, willingness to pay and affordability. The Jericho case study focuses on the socio-economic implications of IWRM strategies in a specific basin.
In agriculture, water harvesting is often preferred, because it is a cheap option. Many of the farmers prefer drilling of own wells to keep the water costs low and to be independent of other sources. The readiness to use treated wastewater is low; a huge public awareness campaign to promote the concept water reuse is needed. Since the tariff systems for the domestic, commercial, and agricultural users appear to be somewhat unbalanced, the report contains some recommendations of how to improve them. With respect to the water tariffs for municipal users, the block rate settings should be revised in order to align them to the actual water consumptions, to encourage water saving, and to ensure social equity and cost recovery. (Klinger et al. 2014, Klinger et al. 2015)