Institut für Geographische Wissenschaften
Fachrichtung Physische Geographie
Arbeitsbereich Prof. Dr. Schütt
Prof. Dr. Jan Bemmann, Universität Bonn
The middle Orkhon Valley (47.25°N 102.25°E) in central Mongolia has been- despite of it’s continental climate- an important settlement area for the last 6000 years. As a semi-arid area it was part of scientific working at the scientific research area of the Physical Geography (Prof. Dr. B. Schütt) in the last 10 years.
Located at the eastern flank of the Khangai Mountain Range, the Orkhon Valley connects the zone of tree-covered high mountain ranges in the southwest of the study site and the semi-arid hilly steppe area north of it.
The climate is highly continental with mean temperature of 0°C but an annual amplitude of 60-70°C. Precipitation averages 200mm/year with yearly convective rain events of about 40mm. The Orkhon River itself is the main water source for the whole steppe area, providing an average discharge of 15m³/s (for comparison: Thames River at Oxford 20m³/s, London 60m³/s), but has enormous amplitude in discharge also.
The main objectives of the BMBF-funded project are to answer the following questions:
Answering these questions provides major contribution towards:
This partner-project combines the strengths of natural sciences and the archaeology as the contributing historical science. The geographical part can be summarised as the follows: