to little water – water scarcity
The most common aspect for IWM is the management of too little water, since it is generally affecting livelihood in manifold aspects. IWM is targeting water conservation measures, water savings at domestic, agriculture and industrial level, and water retention in order to mitigate drought and flood effects. Water management in terms of drought effects mitigation is long term oriented through awareness creation measures, water source rehabilitation and establishment and protection of natural water retention areas (e.g. forests, river banks, etc.). These IWM measures have double effect: natural retention areas also protect for floods, since water is stored in the areas of reaching the soil.