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Groundwater in IWM

The challenge for IWM is the fact that ground water is not having the same hydrologic boundaries that surface water (watershed) and thus, subsurface trans-boundary ground water occurs – with regard to the surface boundaries of a defined watershed area.

Due to the fact that in most areas only little is known about groundwater occurrence, flow, quantity, and recharge activities of IWM towards groundwater are commonly kept out – scientifically wrong, but practically done, since it easy the hydrologic assessment processes.

But knowledge and sensitivity about groundwater utilisation needs attention at, since only few percentages of groundwater available are used for consumption.

Integrated Watershed Management - Network