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Dr. Philipp Kempf

foto pkempf

Department of Earth Sciences

Institute of Geological Sciences

Tectonics and Sedimentary Systems

Researcher

Address
Malteserstr. 74-100
Room B 103
12249 Berlin

Employment

2019 - present Post Doctoral Researcher at FU Berlin, Germany. DFG funded, Basis Modul – Eigene Stelle
2019 Project Manager at GEOxyz (an internationally operating offshore service company)
2017 - 2018 Postdoctoral research fellow at Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Geological Survey of Belgium, Brussel
2016 - 2017 Research Consultant (freelance) to Prof. Dr. Anne Bernhardt, FU Berlin, Germany (3 months)
2016 - 2017 Voluntary Researcher at Ghent University at the Renard Centre of Marine Geology in the research group of Prof. Dr. Marc De Batist
2016 Doctorate of Science: Geology, Ghent University, Renard Centre of Marine Geology, Belgium. Thesis title: “Tsunamis in south central Chile – Evidence from coastal lakes” (Defended on 18-05-2016)
2015 - 2016 Assistant Researcher at Ghent University, Renard Centre of Marine Geology, Belgium, to Prof. Dr. Marc De Batist (5 months)
2011 - 2015 PhD studies, Ghent University, Renard Centre of Marine Geology, Belgium. Promoter: Prof. Dr. Marc De Batist, co-promoter: Dr. Jasper Moernaut
2011 Research Assistant at University of Tromsø, Institute for Geology, to Prof. Dr. Matthias Forwick (2 months)

 

Fieldwork and research cruises

2018 Coastal and limnogeological fieldwork on Shetland Island, Scotland, as field assistant to Dr. Max Engel
2017 Reconnaissance fieldwork on the central west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, as co-principal investigator with Prof Dr. Anne Bernhardt
2016 NEKTON cruise (deep sea biology) as geological surveyor from Halifax, Canada, to Bermuda and back (5 weeks) on CGDG Hudson
2014 Limnogeological fieldwork on Eklutna Lake, Alaska (4 weeks) as field assistant
2013 Coastal fieldwork on the west coast of Chiloé Island, Chile (1 week)
2013 Marine Geology research DETSUFA cruise to Fiordo Aysen, Chile, as geological surveyor (3 weeks) on BIO Hespérides from Ushuaia, Argentina, to Punta Arenas, Chile
2011/2012 Limnogeological fieldwork on Chilean lakes (for the PhD) as field assistant (6 weeks) and as principal investigator (6 weeks)
2011 Marine Geology research cruise to continental margin of northern Norway (Røst) as Geological Surveyor (2 weeks)
2010 Marine Geology research cruise to the fjords of Svalbard, Norway, as Geological Surveyor (2 weeks) on R/V Jan Mayen (now R/V Helmer Hanssen)
2008 Basin of Graissessac in Montagne Noir, southern France (2 weeks)

 

Education

2011 - 2016 Doctorate of Science: Geology, Ghent University, Renard Centre of Marine Geology, Belgium. Thesis title: “Tsunamis in south central Chile – Evidence from coastal lakes”. Promoter: Prof. Marc De Batist, Co-Promoter: Dr. Jasper Moernaut
2009 - 2011 Master of Geosciences, Universitetet i Tromsø, Norway, and University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS), with a focus on quaternary geology and marine geophysics. Master thesis about “Sedimentary Processes and Palaeoenvironment in Van Keulenfjorden, Spitsbergen”. Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Tore O. Vorren, Dr. Jan-Sverre Laberg and Prof. Dr. Matthias Forwick
2008 - 2009 Master of Geosciences, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (Master degree obtained at a different institution)
2005 - 2008 Bachelor of Geosciences, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

 

Awards and Fellowships

2019 – DFG Eigene Stelle 2019, Post Doctoral Fellowship for 3 years at Freie University Berlin

2015 – Invited speaker at American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 2015

2013 – Outstanding Student Poster Award (OSPA) EGU 2013 in the Seismology (SM) section

Guest lecturer and teaching assistant, Ghent University

Winter term 2016/2017 Advanced Sedimentology (GL)
Winter term 2015/2016 Advanced Sedimentology (GL)
Summer term 2015 Structural geology excursion to the western Alps (TA)
Summer term 2015 Limnogeological excursion to Lake Lucern (GL)
Summer term 2014 Limnogeological excursion to Lake Lucern (TA)
Summer term 2013 Limnogeological excursion to Lake Lucern (TA)

 

Teaching assistant, University of Tromsø

Summer term 2011 Marine geology cruise on R/V Jan Mayen (now R/V Helmer Hanssen) (TA)
Winter term 2010/2011 Marine geology (TA)

 

Teaching assistant, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main

Summer term 2008 Field excursion for geological mapping II (TA)
Winter term 2007/2008 Mathematics for Geoscientist (TA), Crystallography I (TA)
Summer term 2007 Mathematics for Geoscientist (TA), Field excursion for geological mapping II (TA)
Winter term 2006/2007 Mathematics for Geoscientist (TA)

Paleotsunamis | Paleoseismology | Process Sedimentology | Coastal Environments | Post-crisis Landscape recovery | Sedimentary Glacier-Ocean Interaction

 

Tsunami history, paleoseismology and their statistical exploration on subduction zones.

My research focuses on sedimentary traces of tsunamis and earthquakes in coastal, lacustrine and marine environments. This approach starts with fieldwork involving coring along coastlines, lakes and the seafloor, and acquiring acoustic data of the lake- or seafloor and their sub-surfaces. I integrate the acoustic data with core analyses, like radiocarbon dating, sediment geochemistry and geophysical data to reconstruct the sedimentary environments of the past and deciphering the tsunami or earthquake history. In previous work I reconstructed the deglaciation dynamics of landscape in transition from ice-age to interglacial.

Aims of my research efforts to date include: (1) reconstructing the deglaciation dynamics of the waning ice-sheet on Svalbard, (2) describing the sedimentary process of tsunami inundation into coastal lakes in Chile, (3) extending the history of large paleotsunamis and earthquakes along the most tsunamigenic subduction zones in Chile, Alaska, Sumatra and Japan, (4) exploring paleoseismic record data statistically towards the boundaries of can and cannot be inferred, (5) describing the post-crisis landscape recovery in coastal environments that were hit by large tsunamis.

Most recently, I investigate the earthquake and tsunami history along the central west coast of Sumatra. These efforts are currently hampered by the global COVID19 pandemic. Instead I am focusing on a statistical model of paleoseismic records.

 

Analytical skills

Fieldgeology extensive experience in marine, lacustrine and onshore fieldwork. Coring fjords, lakes and coastal environments (multi-, gravity-, piston-, percussion-/hammer-, vibra-, Eikelkamp “cores”), high resolution 2D reflection seismic, multibeam echosounder mapping, side-scan sonar mapping.
Labwork lasergranulometry, multi-sensor core logging, high-resolution core imagery, X-ray CT scanning, XRF core scanning, soft-sediment resin-impregnation thin sections, loss on ignition.
Data analysis R(-Studio) for statistical modelling and data visualisation, QGIS for spatial data analysis and visualisation, Kingdom Suite for 2D reflection seismic data analysis and visualisation, Fiji (ImageJ) and VG Studio for 3D image analysis of CT scans.

Peer-reviewed publications:

2020

Kempf P, Moernaut J, Van Daele M, Pino M, Urrutia R, De Batist M (2020): Paleotsunami record of the past 4300 years in the complex coastal lake system of Lake Cucao, Chiloé Island, south central Chile. Sedimentary Geology 401, 105644.

Praet N, Van Daele M, Collart T, Moernaut J, Vandekerkhove E, Kempf P, Haeussler P J, De Batist M (2020): Turbidite stratigraphy in proglacial lakes: Deciphering trigger mechanisms using a statistical approach. Sedimentology 67, 2332–2359.

2019

Van Daele M, Araya-Cornejo C, Pille T, Moernaut J, Vanneste K, Schmidt S, Kempf P, Meyer I, Cisternas M (2019): Distinguishing intraplate from megathrust earthquakes using lacustrine turbidites. Geology 47 (2), 127-130.

2018

Kempf P, Moernaut J, De Batist M (2018): Bimodal recurrence pattern of tsunami in South-Central Chile: a statistical exploration of paleotsunami data. Seismological Research Letters, 90 (1), 194-202.

Moernaut J, Van Daele M, Fontijn K, Heirman K, Kempf P, Pino M, Valdebenito G, Urrutia R, Strasser M, De Batist M (2018): Larger earthquakes recur more periodically: New insights in the megathrust earthquake cycle from lacustrine turbidite records in south-central Chile. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 481, 9–19.

2017

Kempf P, Moernaut J, Van Daele M, Vandoorne W, Pino M, Urrutia R, De Batist M (2017): Coastal lake sediments reveal 5500 years of tsunami history in south central Chile. Quaternary Science Reviews 161, 99-116.

2016

Kempf P (2016): Tsunamis in south central Chile: evidence from coastal lakes. Doctoral Thesis, Ghent University.

Lastras G, Amblas D, Canals M, Azpiroz M, Bascuñán I, Calafat A M, Duhart P, Frigola J, Hermanns, R L, Iglesias O, Kempf P, Lafuerza S, Longva O, Micallef A, Rayo X, Sepúlveda S A, Vargas G (2016): Fjord-flank collapse and associated deformation in Aysén Fjord, Chile, Geological Society Memoir.

Forwick M, Kempf P, Laberg J-S (2016): Eskers in deglacial sediments of three Spitsbergen fjords. Atlas of Submarine Glacial Landforms: Modern, Quaternary and Ancient, J. A. Dowdeswell, M. Canals, M. Jakobsson, B. J. Todd, E. K. Dowdeswell, K. A. Hogan.

2015

Kempf P, Moernaut J, Van Daele M, Vermassen F, Vandoorne W, Pino M, Urrutia R, Schmidt S, Garrett E, De Batist M (2015): The sedimentary record of the 1960 tsunami in two coastal lakes on Isla de Chiloe, south central Chile. Sedimentary Geology 328, 73-86.

Wiemer G, Moernaut J, Stark N, Kempf P, De Batist M, Pino M, Urrutí a R, Ladro n de Guevara B, Strasser M, Kopf A (2015): The role of sediment composition and behavior under dynamic loading conditions on slope failure initiation: a study of a subaqueous landslide in earthquake-prone South-Central Chile. International Journal of Earth Sciences 104 (5), 1439-1457.

2014

Hermanns RL, Sepu lveda SA, Lastras G, Amblas D, Canals M, Azpiroz M, Bascun a n I, Calafat AM, Duhart P, Frigola J, Iglesias O, Kempf P, Lafuerza S, Longva O, Micallef A, Oppikofer T, Rayo X, Vargas G, Yugsi-Mulina F (2014): Earthquake-Triggered Subaerial Landslides that Caused Large Scale Fjord Sediment Deformation: Combined Subaerial and Submarine Studies of the 2007 Aysen Fjord Event, Chile. In: Engineering Geology for Society and Territory (vol. 4). Lollino G. et al. (eds.).

2013

Kempf P, Forwick M, Laberg JS, Vorren TO (2013): Late Weichselian and Holocene sedimentary palaeoenvironment and glacial activity in the high-arctic Van Keulenfjorden, Spitsbergen. The Holocene 23 (11), 1607-1618.

Lastras G, Amblas D, Calafat AM, Canals M, Frigola J, Hermanns RL, Lafuerza S, Longva O, Micallef A, Sepu lveda SA, Vargas G, De Batist M, Van Daele M, Azpiroz M, Bascun a n I, Duhart P, Iglesias O, Kempf P, Rayo X (2013): Landslides Cause Tsunami Waves: Insights From Ayse n Fjord, Chile. EOS 94 (34), 297-298.