Categories of biomass material

Biomass material, Kazakhstan
Biomass material, Kazakhstan
Image Credit: Anette Stumptner 2012

Biomass for energy can include a wide range of materials.

There are five basic categories of material:

  • virgin wood, from forestry, arboricultural activities or from wood processing
  • energy crops: high yield crops grown specifically for energy applications
  • agricultural residues: residues from agriculture harvesting or processing
  • food waste, from food and drink manufacture, preparation and processing, and post-consumer waste
  • industrial waste and co-products from manufacturing and industrial processes.