Instrumentation

  • ICP-OES 2100 DV Perkin Elmer                    
  • Spectrophotometer UV/VIS Philips/Unicam
  • Carmhograph C-16 Carbon Analyzer
  • LECO Truspec CHN + S-Add-On Elemental Analyzer
  • portable XRF Thermoscientific Niton XLt3
  • XRD Rigaku Miniflex 600
  • Minolta CM 2500d spectroscopic colour analysis
  • Bartington MS2  for the determination of the magenetic susceptibility
  • LS 13320 PIDS Beckman Coulter  paricle size analyzer


    Description 

    ICP-OES 2100 DV PERKIN ELMER    

    functional principle: Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) Optical Emission Spectrometry (OES)
    field of application: aqueous solutions, solids after chemical extraction
    determination of: major elements, trace elements ( e.g. Zn, Pb, Cd, Cu)
    effective range:  ppm-ppb
    weighted sample: up to 3 g of solids for chemical extraction 

       

     UV/VIS  spectral photometer
    functional principle: spectral photometer
    field of application: aqueous solutions, solids after chemical extraction
    determination of: Cations and anions from the acid digestion solutions
    (solids) and aqueous samples
    effective range:  ppm
    weighted sample: up to 3 g of solids for chemical extraction 

                                  

    Carmhograph C-16 Carbon Analyzer

    functional principle: extraction by combustion (1000°C in O2-atmosphere) for
    TC-determination (Total Carbon); TIC-determination (Total Inorganic Carbon) by extraction with hot phosphoric acid (70°C)  and
    quantification of the evolved CO2 in 20 ml of a 0.05 N NaOH solution by conductivity 
    field of application: solids, liquids
    determination of: TC (Total Carbon); TIC (Total Inorganic Carbon);
    TOC (Total Organic Carbon
    effective range:  0 bis 50 mg Cabsolut
    weighted sample: bis 2500 mg

                                       

    LECO TruspecCHN + S-Add-On Elemental Analyzer

    functional principle: Extractionby combustion in O2 atmosphere (950°C for C,
    H, N; 1450°C for S) and subsequent detection with IR-spectrometry (C, H, S)
    and thermal conductivity (N)
    field of application: solids, liquids, and paste-like samples
    determination of: Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
    effective range:  C = 50 ppm up to 50 % (@ 500 mg)
    H = 200 ppm up to 50 % (@ 500 mg)
    N = 50 ppm up to 100 % (@ 500 mg)
    S = 0,001 up to 20 % (@ 350 mg)
    weighted sample:  up to 1,5 g

              

    portable XRF Analyzer Thermoscientific Niton XLt3

    functional principle: energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis
    field of application: Major, minor, and trace elements (non-destructive)
    determination of: K, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr,
    Y, Zr, Pb, Th, U  in solid samples
    effective range:  ppm bis %
                       
    X-Ray Diffractometer Rigaku Miniflex 600

    functional principle: Analysis of the X-Ray diffraction
    field of application: solids (sediments, rocks)
    determination of: semiquantitative determination of the mineralogic composition
    effective range:  from ca. 2 %
    weighted sample:  powdered samples

                         

    Minolta CM 2500d spectroskopic colour analysis
    functional principle: spectroscopic colour analysis
    field of application: solid samples
    determination of: colour composition; colour space, and colorimetric data
    effective range:  360 nm to 740 nm; 10 nm resolution

            

    Bartinton MS2 for the dtermination of the magnetic susceptibility

    functional principle: Spool measurement
    field of application: solid samples, solids
    determination of: the magnetizability of matter in a defined magentic field (Kappa: κ)
    effective range:  -0.9 to 9999 volumetric susceptibility (κ) (dimensionless)
    weighted sample:  sediment cores (Sensor MS2C); single samples with defined volume (powdered samples;
    (Sensor MS2B)

                         

    LS 13320 PIDS Beckmann Coulter Laser particle size analyzer

    functional principle: Laser diffraction
    field of application: single samples, sediments
    determination of: particle size
    effective range:  17 nm – 2000 µm
    weighted sample:   ca. 0.5 to 5.0 g

                      

     

     

    other instrumentation for sediment and soil sample preparation

    • 2 micro-wave extraction systems MLS ETHOS and MLS 1200 MEGA
    • Behro-Test extraction system
    • Multifuge 4KR Heraeus centrifuge
    • Laboratory centrifuge
    • 2 vibrating cup mill for grinding and homogenizing samples
    • severeal dry ovens,
    • ultrasonic baths
    • laboratory sand-bathseveral balances from 1 mg to 1.5 kg
    • Atterberg-cylinder for Pipette-Analysis
    • sieving machine
    • freeze dryingshaking devicechemical water treatment Milli-Q Advantage A10 Millipore

      

    field equipment for sampling

    • closed driving core drilling system (1 m probe head) up to 18 m drilling depth
    • open driving core drilling system (1 m and 2 m probe heads) up to 18 m depth
    • several Pürckhauer (1 m probe heads)
    • 2 Wacker-hammer; 1 Stck. COBRA hammerr
    • UWITEC – Corer (sediment corer for limnic sediments up to 1 m length) for water depths up to 100 m
    • several grab-sampler

     

    other equipment for field work

    • GSSI SIR-3000 Ground-Penetrating Radar with 200 MHz- and 400 MHz-antennas ;  MLF 3200 (Multiple Low Frequency) antenna
    • Tachymeter LEICA TCR405 ultra
    • differentials GPS-System

                     a) LEICA SR20

                     b) ASHTEC/Magellan

    • Octokopter AscTec Falcon8 – automated drone with mounting system for cameras

     

    Infrastructure

    Haus B

    • 9 laboratory rooms and 3 offices
    • 4 sedimentary laboratory rooms for sampling, preparation and measuring (BK041, BK042, B033, B035)
    • 3 analytical laboratory rooms:
      • ICP-OES, Photometry (B235)
      • Elemental Analyzer (B109)
      • XRD-Analytics (B006)
    • 1 extraction laboratory (B110)
    • 1 technical service room (BK002)

    Haus K

    • 2 laboratories and 1 office:
      • KK 68 preparation
      • KK 70 microscopic petrography

    Haus R

    • 1 laboratory for the preparation of palynological samples
      • R28